After a stroke, dramatic lifestyle changes should follow like immediate smoking cessation, healthy diet, and a rigorous program of exercises.
It is commonly known that smoking is a major risk of ischemic heart disease factor and even low-nicotine cigarettes are a potential risk; moreover the risk of developing cardiac complications increases with the daily dose of cigarettes.
Cigarette cessation is a major step in preventing ischemic heart disease as it lowers the risk of coronary heart disease; quitting smoking lowers ischemic heart disease risk even in the first year disregarding patient’s age and is highly recommended in post heart attack recovery. The currant physician can prescribe medications that can reduce the craving for cigarettes.
In post myocardial infraction recovery therapy, physical exercise has a great importance and it is part of many hospitals’ rehabilitation programs. For patients who have suffered a heart attack, medically supervised programs of regular exercises offer great benefits. Moreover sedentary lifestyle influences negatively the evolution of the disease after a stroke the patient has to begin an active lifestyle meaning at least 30 minutes of physical exercises daily. The transition from o sedentary lifestyle to an active lifestyle has to be made gradually; inactive individuals especially after experiencing angina attacks have to consult their currant physician. The exercises must start from a low level of physical activity and increase gradually the intensity and time of the effort as it increases body’s effort tolerance.
Drug therapy and other alternative therapies are recommended in order to keep the condition under control and to prevent a second stroke.
Other unhealthy behaviors like alcoholism should be avoided.
The patient must follow a healthy diet, low in cholesterol and saturated fats and cholesterol.
Patients who have suffered a heart attack should consult their doctor periodically and be strictly monitored especially those patients suffering of hypertension, hypotension, hypercholesterolemia, coronary heart disease or diabetes mellitus.
Regular tests should be performed in order to monitor the evolution of the disease.
Special attention is required by the diabetic patients because they are more prone to post infraction complications; they should check the exercise program with their physician, keep a strict diet, take the prescribed medications, check daily blood sugar and record its values, immediately announce their doctor about abnormal blood sugar levels.
Stress and intense emotions should also be avoided.
The life changes above can prevent further heart damages and a second myocardial infraction or sudden death end extend life-expectations.