One of the major risk factors in developing ischemic heart disease is a poor diet with a high fat, sugar and salt content, this type of diet contributes to weight gain, even obesity, hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia. Thus, as a prevention measure as well after the patient has been diagnosed with the condition a healthy diet is highly recommended.
A balanced diet, rich in protein from fish, lean meat, unsaturated fats, carbohydrates, vegetarian alternative food along with reducing salt and sugar and increasing the consume of vegetables and fruits, can reduce overweight, and prevent further cardiac complications.
Following a strict diet reduces the ischemic heart disease risk by increasing the HDL cholesterol level- the so called ‘good cholesterol’ , responsible wit the transporting the fatty buildups from the blood vessels’ walls to the liver; it reduces the level of LDL- “bad cholesterol”, responsible for narrowing of the coronary arteries. A healthy diet also reduces hypertension, keeps weight under control and prevents the formation of blood clothes also reduces the post-stroke morbidity rate.
The most important principles of a healthy alimentation are: meals should be taken regularly, around the same hour every day, avoid by any means the sugar excess, salt intake, and saturated fats consume, alcohol should be consumed only in moderated quantities.
Starchy foods, known as carbohydrates like bread, rice, potatoes and cereals do not release large amounts of sugar into the blood due to their slow digestion rhythm.
High-sugar drinks and foods are a big source of energy, but the problem is that unused energy is transformed in fat deposits, also fat pork meat, rich in saturated fats, for example increases blood cholesterol, in order to cook healthy dishes, frying or roasting shouldn’t be made in a saturated fat like butter, moreover olive oil or a spray oil can lower considerably saturated fat levels. Eggs, fruits, or unsalted popcorn can replace the usual snake.
In ischemic heart disease prevention, and common diet fruit and vegetables consume is highly recommended; five portions of varied fruits per day is known to reduce blood pressure, and bring a valuable antioxidants and minerals support.
A low salt intake also reduces blood pressure; the recommended daily salt dose for patients with ischemic heart disease is 6 grams.
Alcohol, in moderate amounts, 2 beer glasses a day, for women and 3 for men, for example, can have a beneficial effect in over 40 men and over 50 women, but in excess alcohol can cause serious tissue damages.
Studies have shown that fish oilconsumed regularly reduces ischemic heart disease risks and post-infraction morbidity, due to its capacity of keeping a regular heartbeat and preventing blood clothes formation.
Special attention is required by diabetic and overweight patients. Diabetics have to follow an additional diet for diabetes and check their sugar blood level daily, keep a rigorous account and address to their currant physician if any changes emerge. Overweight patients must try to lose weight, as overweight ad especially abdominal obesity is a major ischemic heart disease risk factor. Moreover diet has to be combined with major lifestyle changes like smoking cessation and becoming physically active.