Ischemic Heart Disease

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Sport Physical Exercise

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It is commonly known that a an unhealthy sedentary life style is one of then major ischemic heart disease risk factors, among smoking, age, heredity, gender and obesity.

Physical activity is one of the most important means of preventing and controlling coronary heart disease.

Engaging in regular daily physical exercises lowers the levels of LDL cholesterol in human blood. LDL-cholesterol represents approximately 65% of the entire quantity of cholesterol in a normal human body and in grater amounts it is responsible for the narrowing and blocking of the blood vessels and, eventually leads to arthrosclerosis. Physical activity increases the level of HDL cholesterol that is responsible with the destruction of the fatty deposits created on blood vessels’ walls and with the good metabolically functioning of the organism. For individuals with obesity physical activity lowers blood pressure, and stimulates weight loss.

Physically active means doing at least 30 minutes of a moderate activity every day, preferably.

Physical activity doesn’t mean exhausting exercises, physicians recommend moderate activities like brisk walking jogging, or even dancing or yoga. If the patient considers 30 minutes a lot of time, the period can be broken into periods of minimum 10 minutes each. The transition from o sedentary lifestyle to an active lifestyle has to be made gradually; inactive individuals especially after experiencing angina attacks or even a heart attack have to consult their currant physician. The exercises must start from a low level of physical activity and increase gradually the intensity and time of the effort as it increases body’s effort tolerance. In order to determine the exercise tolerance of a patient an exercise stress test -Treadmill Test is commonly used in order to measure patient’s physiological parameters like heart rate, blood pressure, breathing, etc. During the test the patient walks on a treadmill, pedals a stationary bicycle meanwhile he is connected to adequate equipment that monitors his heart in order to establish his level of tiredness and to show if his heart receives enough blood and if his heart rhythm is abnormal or not. The exercise stress test is used to diagnose the presence of ischemic heart disease and to establish the appropriate post heart attack type of physical exercises that can be most beneficial in his recovery.

In order to determine the exercise tolerance of a patient an exercise stress test -Treadmill Test is commonly used in order to measure patient’s physiological parameters like heart rate, blood pressure, breathing, etc. During the test the patient walks on a treadmill, pedals a stationary bicycle meanwhile he is connected to adequate equipment that monitors his heart in order to establish his level of tiredness and to show if his heart receives enough blood and if his heart rhythm is abnormal or not. The exercise stress test is used to diagnose the presence of ischemic heart disease and to establish the appropriate post heart attack type of physical exercises that can be most beneficial in his recovery.

The physician has to be consulted in high-risk cases for example by patients with diagnosed coronary heart disease, individuals with chronic health problems, men over 40, and women over 50 in order to give advice about what sort of exercises is the most appropriate and how rigorous should they be.

In post myocardial infraction recovery therapy, physical exercise has a great importance and it is part of many hospitals’ rehabilitation programs, in patients who have suffered a heart attack, medically supervised programs of regular exercises offer great benefits.

Moderate exercise programs combined with conventional and additional therapies like acupuncture-that is recognized to increase exercise tolerance- was proven to be of real benefit for patients with heart related problems.

Physical exercise, along with the smoking cessation and a healthy diet and moreover a stress less lifestyle are the most important coordinates in preventing and controlling coronary heart disease.

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