The most common, and often the first signs of Ischemic Heart Disease are chest pain that can radiate to the arms, jaw, back, chest discomfort, nausea, anxiety, and lightheadedness condition also known as angina pectoris.
Episodes of angina pectoris often occur before a heart attack and are characterized by a sensation of discomfort in the chest center that can last for a few minutes; the intensity of the symptoms can be variable, angina can manifest itself as uncomfortable pressure, a sensation of fullness or squeezing and intense pain.
Physical effort and intense emotions can trigger an angina attack; the pain can last up to 20 minutes and it was described as a sensation of a sensation of tightness and compression in the center of the chest sometimes accompanied by sweating, rest and the administration of nitrates helps relieve the pain, but the patient has to immediately consult his physician because the presence of angina episodes is a marker for ischemic heart disease.
It is common known that heredity can influence the development of ischemic heart disease in young patients; in their case there are certain conditions that can be observed on a simple clinical exam like Tendon Xanthomas, Arcus Lipidus and Achilles Tendon’s thickening that are all symptoms of hereditary Hyperlipdaemia.
Special attention should be paid to patients suffering from diabetes because they do not experience the common symptoms of ischemic heart disease, condition called silent ischemia.
Other signs of ischemic heart disease can be anemia and obesity; also patients with peripheral vascular disease and thyroid are at high ischemic heart disease risk.
A heart attack or a myocardial infraction is one of the other ischemic heart disease symptoms and also a complication of this disease. In time, in the arteries of the heart, fatty buildups lower partially or entirely the blood flow, moreover a blood clot can develop and block the blood flow. When a portion of the heart muscle doesn’t receive enough blood tissue necrosis follows if the blood flow isn’t restored fast enough. If heart tissue has died, it is replaced by a scar tissue called fibrosis and heart pumping ability is reduced.
The lethal symptom of ischemic heart disease is sudden death also known as massive heart attack and it is caused by an abnormal heart rhythm, ventricular fibrillation, that prevents the heart to contract and pump oxygenate blood to the brain and vital organs, the only hope of survival for the patient is immediate CPR, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and electric shocks with a device called external defibrillator in order to restart the patient’s heart.